Category Archives: UK Parliament Library Publications

Research briefings on Brexit

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The Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) produce research briefings on a wide range of issues. Intended to aid the work of members of the Houses of Parliament by providing relevant background material they are also useful to anyone starting to research a current topic.

Recent titles on how leaving the EU will affect different policy areas in the UK include:

Importance of trade with the EU for UK industries: Examines the importance of trade with the EU for the sectors and industries of the UK economy.

Employment of other EU nationals in the UK: Provides statistics on nationals of other EU countries working in the UK.

Brexit: the July negotiations: What happened at the second round of Brexit negotiations?

Brexit negotiations: The Irish border question: One of the three main areas of discussion in the first phase of Brexit negotiations.

Some titles that have recently been updated include:

Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies (updated 8 August 2017) briefing and reports from the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The UK’s contribution to the EU budget. (updated 31 July 2017):  how the UK contributes and how much it receives back.

Brexit: the exit bill (updated 31 July 2017): the issues related to the UK’s financial contribution to the EU after Brexit.

Brexit and data protection (updated 27 July 2017): reforms of EU data protection law and what might happen after Brexit.

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International and EU students in higher education in the UK

students
© University of Aberdeen

“In recent years, the UK has been the second most popular global destination for international students after the USA. In 2014 the US took 26% of postgraduate students from all countries who were studying overseas at universities in the OECD, the UK was in second place with 15%. But market share has been slipping and other English speaking countries such as Australia, New Zealand and Canada are now seeing significant increases in overseas students as are European countries which are increasingly offering courses in English”.

A new House of Commons briefing paper answers some frequently asked questions about international and EU students in the UK. It provides lots of statistics and considers the potential impact of both Brexit and the net migration target on international and EU student recruitment.

You can access the report here.

 

The abolition of mobile roaming charges and Brexit

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Since 15 June 2017 roaming charges in the EU have been abolished allowing mobile customers to use their network provider’s allowance of minutes, text messages and data throughout the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA) without incurring additional charges.

The abolition of roaming charges will continue to apply in the UK until it leaves the EU.

A new House of Commons Library briefing paper, available here, looks at possible scenarios after Brexit.

The factsheets below, produced by the European Commission, explain the current pre-Brexit situation.

Roaming factsheet: TechnicalroamingfactsheetEN

Roam Like at Home FAQs: RoamLikeatHomeEN

However, as this BBC article explains, customers are still liable for extra charges if they exceed their contractually agreed data usage limits.

 

 

 

Brexit: Agriculture and trade

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The outcome of Brexit negotiations will impact on agriculture and trade in agricultural products across the UK.

A House of Commons Library paper looking at the issues is available here.

An earlier briefing paper by the Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) looking at these issues in Scotland is available here.

 

Brexit and the fishing industry

Peterhead Harbour
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The implications of Brexit for the fishing industry are highly uncertain.  Prior to the introduction of a new Fisheries Bill, the House of Commons Library has produced a briefing paper entitled “Brexit: What next for UK fisheries?” on how negotiations with the EU and future UK Government policy may affect fishing in the UK.  It is available here.

An earlier briefing paper by the Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) called Implications of leaving the EU: Fisheries examines issues for the Scottish sea fishing sector.  It is available here.

Article 50 Triggered

Article 50 Letter

© Number 10. Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

The UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, has now triggered Article 50, the formal notification that signals the beginning of the two-year period within which a withdrawal agreement will be negotiated between the UK and the European Union.

The full text of her letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, is available here.

The latest version of  “Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies” compiled by the House of Commons Library is available here.

Also of interest may be a report commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament’s Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the Union entitled  “The Brexit Negotiations: An Assessment Of The Legal, Political And Institutional Situation In The UK” available here.

Brexit reading list

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The House of Commons Library has compiled an impartial selection of articles on the UK’s forthcoming withdrawal from the EU.

The paper gives details of and, in many cases, links to analysis, comment and statistics on:

  • Trade negotiations, tariffs and custom duties
  • Domestic economic policy and public expenditure
  • the EU budget, contributions, grants and loans
  • Business and industry, state aid and SMEs,
  • Employment, training, pay and the cost of living
  • Regional economic development and transport
  • Issues for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

The paper can be accessed from here.

The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union White Paper published

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The UK Government has today published a white paper entitled The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union on its proposed strategy to leave the European Union.  You can read it here.

If you would like to follow The European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill’s progress through Parliament Aberdeen University members can do so on Public Information Online here  or alternatively on the Parliament website here .

There is a handy news section on the House of Commons website to help you keep up-date with what is happening in Parliament here as well as a section on how leaving the EU will affect various policy areas here.

The Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) produces a blog on the UK decision to leave the European Union which is available here.  A particularly useful feature is the weekly update on current developments following on from the decision to leave.

 

Brexit reading list: legal and constitutional issues

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The House of Commons Library has published an impartial list of publications on the legal and constitutional issues surrounding the UK withdrawal from the European Union including:

  • Triggering of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU)
  • Role of the UK Parliament
  • Possibility of a second referendum on a withdrawal agreement
  • How the UK Government and Parliament deal with EU legislation
  • Impact of Brexit on the rest of the EU
  • UK’s future relations with the EU
  • Issues for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

This publication will be updated periodically.

The Libraries of the House of Commons, House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) produce research briefings on a wide range of current issues. They are intended to aid the work of members of both Houses of Parliament by providing good quality impartial background material on current issues. This makes them extremely useful to anyone starting to research a current topic. They can be searched by date or topic here.

ESO (European Sources Online)

ESO logoESO (European Sources Online) is a comprehensive source of European information which is updated on a daily basis by the hard working people at Cardiff EDC. Check out their News and Analysis section to keep informed about all things EU.

Here’s a few recent UK House of Commons publications dealing with different aspects of Brexit, brought to our attention by ESO:

Equipping the Government for Brexit

Brexit – implication for pensions (pdf)

Brexit and local government (pdf)