The House of Commons Library is celebrating as this year marks 200 hundred years since its first librarian was appointed. You can find out more about the library’s history here or watch the video at the end of this blog.
One aspect of the library’s work, relevant to anyone starting to research a contemporary topic, is the production of impartial research briefings on a wide range of current issues. While these are intended to help members of Parliament by providing them with good quality impartial background information, they are extremely useful to anyone starting to research a current issue. They can be searched by date or topic.
Some recent briefings which may be of interest include:
Yesterday it was announced that the European Medicines Agency will relocate from London to Amsterdam. The EMA is an agency of the European Union and its role involves the scientific evaluation, supervision and safety monitoring of medicines for human and animal use as well as assisting national agencies authorise medicine sales within the EU single market.
The EMA has to relocate due to the UK decision to leave the EU and the UK Government’s desire to no longer be subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice.
EMA has been based in London, UK, since it’s location was secured by John Major’s government in 1995, the year the Agency was established. It currently employs nearly 900 people with a further 36,000 scientists and regulators visiting each year.
A House of Commons Library Research Paper entitled Brexit and medicines regulationlooks at how medicines are currently regulated in the UK, the role of the EMA and what the options are post Brexit.
The Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) produce research briefings on a wide range of issues. Intended to aid the work of members of the Houses of Parliament by providing relevant background material they are also useful to anyone starting to research a current topic.
Recent titles on how leaving the EU will affect different policy areas in the UK include:
“In recent years, the UK has been the second most popular global destination for international students after the USA. In 2014 the US took 26% of postgraduate students from all countries who were studying overseas at universities in the OECD, the UK was in second place with 15%. But market share has been slipping and other English speaking countries such as Australia, New Zealand and Canada are now seeing significant increases in overseas students as are European countries which are increasingly offering courses in English”.
A new House of Commons briefing paper answers some frequently asked questions about international and EU students in the UK. It provides lots of statistics and considers the potential impact of both Brexit and the net migration target on international and EU student recruitment.
Since 15 June 2017 roaming charges in the EU have been abolished allowing mobile customers to use their network provider’s allowance of minutes, text messages and data throughout the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA) without incurring additional charges.
The abolition of roaming charges will continue to apply in the UK until it leaves the EU.
A new House of Commons Library briefing paper, available here, looks at possible scenarios after Brexit.
The factsheets below, produced by the European Commission, explain the current pre-Brexit situation.
The implications of Brexit for the fishing industry are highly uncertain. Prior to the introduction of a new Fisheries Bill, the House of Commons Library has produced a briefing paper entitled “Brexit: What next for UK fisheries?” on how negotiations with the EU and future UK Government policy may affect fishing in the UK. It is available here.
An earlier briefing paper by the Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) called Implications of leaving the EU: Fisheries examines issues for the Scottish sea fishing sector. It is available here.
The UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, has now triggered Article 50, the formal notification that signals the beginning of the two-year period within which a withdrawal agreement will be negotiated between the UK and the European Union.
The full text of her letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, is available here.
The latest version of “Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies” compiled by the House of Commons Library is available here.
Also of interest may be a report commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament’s Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the Union entitled “The Brexit Negotiations: An Assessment Of The Legal, Political And Institutional Situation In The UK” available here.
The UK Government has today published a white paper entitled The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union on its proposed strategy to leave the European Union. You can read it here.
If you would like to follow The European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill’s progress through Parliament Aberdeen University members can do so on Public Information Online here or alternatively on the Parliament website here .
There is a handy news section on the House of Commons website to help you keep up-date with what is happening in Parliament here as well as a section on how leaving the EU will affect various policy areas here.